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Jepson Field Book volume 17 page 182 | University and Jepson Herbaria Archives, University of California, Berkeley

Jepson Field Book volume 17 page 182
Waldo to Upper Spring, Happy Camp Trail, Oregon. (traveling southerly) [July 18, 1907]  lay out an orderly place and keep the trails of cattle off it-and pigs. In other words such villages in this region are too barnyardy. -From Waldo you take the trail to the left of the general store straight up the hill. One soon runs into the road running to the Queena Brown mine. Cross the river (ford) and take the main road, turning sharply to right. Follow until past a gate with a roof cover and ford the river by a bathhouse. Keep on, until roads fork at buildings, take left, cross river by bridge and keep all left hand roads and trails which takes me straight to the summit of the Siskiyous. By the Happy Camp trail where one passes the Brewer Spruce in its original locality. -Douglas Fir. Botanists rightly call it Douglas Spruce because (a) its leaves spread all around stem like spruces and resemble spruce leaves altho[ugh] blunt more than fir leaves. The cones resemble spruce cones far more than fir cones an are pendant like spruce cones. The general habit of the tree is more spruce like than like firs whose radiating whorls are very regular. Douglas Fir has supernumerary buds in addition to the whorl just below terminal bud which makes it a spruce and not a fir. In only one particular does it resemble firs and that is in its  ::::::::: [Waldo to Upper Spring, Happy Camp Trail, Oregon] n. of divide on basin e-fork Illinois River, July 18, 1907  bark which is roughly and deeply fissured and very unlike the smooth bark of the spruces with the deciduous scales. But woodsmen, of the lumber camps especially, recognize a conifer by its bark and seldom pay attention to its leaves. Consequently they all call the tree by the name of Fir, Red Fir, Yellow Fir, or simply Fir, and naturally for exactness the lumbermen have called the tree Douglas Fir. Cont. just below. -Saxifraga peltata, petiole 3 ft. 9 in. high, the blade 1 to 1 ft. 9 in. broad. E. Fork Illinois R. -Douglas Fir. Has weeping branchlets and in this respect is more like Spruce than Fir. I have just noted nearly pendulous branchlets 8 feet long, only the upper portion not strictly hanging straight down but a little curved. This is not uncommon. Pendulous branchlets 1 to 2 ft. long very common, especially with trees that are not crowded. -Mutilation. Tan Oak, "jayhawked" trees. -Douglas Fir-healed over stumps noted two on west fork Illinois River. This species shows special capability to perform this feat.  -Madrona, often ringed and mutilated. Great power to heal over. Alder (A. rhombifolia), ringed trees at Cottage Grove, bark stripped for four feet but had healed over owing to cambium sticking. -Mules feed greedily on Saddler Oak on trail but pass Garry Oak over.
University and Jepson Herbaria Archives, University of California, Berkeley
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