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John and Sara (Plummer) Lemmon papers

Overview

Scope and Contents

Administrative Information

Detailed Description

Correspondence

Diaries and field books

Writings

Personal papers

Photographs



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John and Sara (Plummer) Lemmon papers, 1863-1911 | University and Jepson Herbaria Archives, University of California, Berkeley

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Collection Overview

Title: John and Sara (Plummer) Lemmon papers, 1863-1911Add to your cart.View associated digital content.

Primary Creator: Lemmon, J. G. (John Gill) (1832-1908)

Other Creators: Lemmon, Sara Plummer (1836-1923)

Extent: 10.0 Linear Feet

Arrangement: Arranged in six series: Series 1, Correspondence; Series 2, Diaries and field books; Series 3, Writings; Series 4, Personal papers; Series 5, Photographs.

Subjects: Andersonville Prison, Botanists - California, Botany - Arizona, Botany - California, Northern, Conifers, Diaries, Lemmon, J. G. (John Gill), United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Imprisonment, Women botanists

Forms of Material: Botanists - California - Archives, Correspondence, Photographs, United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Personal narratives

Languages: English

Scope and Contents of the Materials

The Lemmon Papers document the personal and professional lives of California botanists John Gill and Sara Plummer Lemmon. Additionally the papers contain materials relating to John G. Lemmon's service in the Civil War and Sara Plummer Lemmon's work with the Red Cross and efforts to make the California Poppy the state flower. The papers contain correspondence, diaries and notebooks, published and unpublished writings, personal papers and memorabilia, and photographs. The collection is rich in notes and photographs collected by Lemmon for his research on the Conifers of California and the west.

Collection Historical Note

John Gill Lemmon, pioneer western botanist and Civil War veteran, was born in Lima, Michigan on January 2, 1832. He attended public schools and taught for eight years before enrolling at the University of Michigan which he briefly attending before enlisting in the 4th Michigan Cavalry on June 8, 1862.  His unit was involved in 36 engagements in Kentucky, Tennessee, Alabama, and Georgia, including the circuit of Atlanta in August 1865. He was captured near Atlanta in August 1864 and held at Andersonville and Florence prisons.  He was freed on March 1, 1865.  In October 1866 he moved to Sierraville, California to live with his mother and brothers and recuperate from his incarceration.  He taught school from 1870 to 1874 and developed an avid interest in botany while collecting and identifying local plants in Sierraville and the surrounding areas. Plants he could not identify were sent to Henry Bolander at the California Academy of Sciences, who then put Lemmon in contact with Asa Gray at Harvard University as many of the plants found by Lemmon were previously unknown.  He became well known as botanist of western North America and with his wife, Sara Plummer Lemmon, developed the Lemmon Herbarium, now part of the University and Jepson Herbaria at the University of California, Berkeley.

Sara Plummer, botanist and artist, was born in New Gloucester, Maine, on September 3, 1836. She attended college in Worcester, Massachusetts and at Cooper Union in New York City. She served as a hospital nurse during the Civil War.  In 1869, she moved to Santa Barbara for health reasons and opened a book and stationery shop that became the public library for the town. She was active in the community and the development of the Santa Barbara Natural History Museum and gave lectures on natural history.

John and Sara met when John was visiting Santa Barbara in 1876 on a botanical collecting expedition. He moved to Oakland in 1877 and they corresponded frequently, leading to their marriage in 1880. They established the Lemmon Herbarium on Telegraph Avenue and continued to botanize together, exploring California and Arizona in the 1880s. Their "botanical wedding trip" to Tucson in 1881 led to the discovery of many new Arizonan plants.  John Lemmon served as the state botanist for the California State Board of Forestry from 1888 to 1892 and Sara assisted with his work by painting illustrations of conifers. Sara led the movement to have the California Poppy established as the state flower, which became official in a bill signed by Governor George Pardee in 1903.

John Gill Lemmon passed away on Oakland on November 24, 1908 in Oakland.  Sara Plummer Lemmon passed away on January 15, 1923 in Stockton. Their herbarium was donated to the University of California at Berkeley.

Subject/Index Terms

Andersonville Prison
Botanists - California
Botany - Arizona
Botany - California, Northern
Conifers
Diaries
Lemmon, J. G. (John Gill)
United States - History - Civil War, 1861-1865 - Imprisonment
Women botanists

Administrative Information

Repository: University and Jepson Herbaria Archives, University of California, Berkeley

Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research.

Use Restrictions: Copyright has not been assigned to the University and Jepson Herbaria Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University and Jepson Herbaria Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained by the publisher.

Preferred Citation: John and Sara (Plummer) Lemmon Papers, University and Jepson Herbaria Archives, University of California, Berkeley.


Box and Folder Listing


Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1864-1911],
[Series 2: Diaries and field books, 1872-1906],
[Series 3: Writings, 1863-1906],
[Series 4: Personal papers, 1864-1905],
[Series 5: Photographs, 1895-1902, undated],
[All]

Series 3: Writings, 1863-1906Add to your cart.
Includes published and unpublished manuscripts. Arranged in 3 sub-series: Sub-series 1: Writings by John Gill Lemmon; Sub-series 2: Writings by Sara Plummer Lemmon; Sub-series 3: Writings by others.
Sub-Series 1: Writings by John Gill Lemmon, 1863-1906Add to your cart.
Published and unpublished writings by John Gill Lemmon. Topics include Lemmon's Civil War experience, botany, conifers of the west, and technical reports for the California State Board of Forestry.
Box 20Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Publications of J. G. Lemmon, 1906 April 16Add to your cart.
Folder 2: All about it : lines descriptive of Nashville and its Army Hospital, 1863-1864Add to your cart.
Folder 3: The march of empire, in the California Teacher, v.6 no.10, 1869 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Formation of character, an address read before the Teachers Institute of Sierra County, 1869 September 21Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Essays, 1871-1872Add to your cart.
Scrapbook containing essays written by John Gill Lemmon and published in The Weekly Rescue, The Plumas National, and other papers.
Folder 6: Honorary names in scientific literature, 1878Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Explorers, Pacific Slope, 1879Add to your cart.
Folder 8: A botanical wedding-trip, in The Californian, v.4 no.24, 1881 DecemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Ferns of the Pacific Coast, including Arizona, 1882Add to your cart.
Folder 10: Notes from Arizona, in the Gardener's Monthly and Horticulturalist, v.24, no.285, 1882 SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: The discovery of the potato in Arizona, read before the California Academy of Sciences, 1883 January 15Add to your cart.
Folder 12: The discovery of the potato in Arizona-I, in The Overland Monthly, v.1 no.4, 1883 AprilAdd to your cart.
Folder 13: The discovery of the potato in Arizona-II, in The Overland Monthly, v.1 no.5, 1883 MayAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: Patriotism in Prison, 1884 FebruaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: The Atlantic and Pacific railroad and the region it has developed, 1884 JuneAdd to your cart.
Handwritten manuscript with typed transcript.
Folder 16: An irreparable loss, 1885 August 8Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Amila H. Lemmon, 1885Add to your cart.
In Memorium. Compiled by J. G. Lemmon.  Includes a poem written for Mrs. Amila H. Lemmon by Ina Coolbrith.
Box 21Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Scrapbook of newspaper articles, 1880-1886Add to your cart.
Contains clippings of J. G. Lemmon's articles in the Pacific Rural Press and the Sacramento Union as well as articles written about John Lemmon.
Folder 2: Investigation of timber trees -- Pacific Slope, 1886 May 5Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Calochortus obispoensis, n. sp., in The Botanical Gazette, v.11, no.7, 1886 JulyAdd to your cart.
Folder 4: Investigations of timber trees of the Pacific Slope, 1886 AugustAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Andersonville Prison, address before the Longfellow Memorial Association of Berkeley, 25 October 1887Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Pines of the Pacific Slope. Particularly those of California. From the report of J. G. Lemmon, botanist for the California State Board of Forestry, 1888Add to your cart.
Folder 7: Grand Cañon of the Colorado, in The Overland Monthly, v.12, no.69, 1888 SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: Biennial report of the California State Board of Forestry, 1887-1888Add to your cart.
Includes the report of the California State Board of Forestry by J. G. Lemmon
Folder 9: Forestry Bulletin no.7, California State Board of Forestry, 1889Add to your cart.
Folder 10: A drooping spruce, 1889 November 2Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Biennial report of the California State Board of Forestry, 1890Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Common names for California Trees, 1891 May 23Add to your cart.
Box 22Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Hand-book of West-American Cone-Bearers, 1892 MarchAdd to your cart.
Folder 2: Notes on West American Coniferae-I, in Erythea v.1, no.2, 1893 FebruaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 3: Art Institute, 1893 September 14Add to your cart.
Handwritten draft.
Folder 4: Notes on West American Coniferae-III, in Erythea, v.1, no.11, 1893 NovemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 5: Patriotism in Prison, in the Oakland Enquirer, 1894 April 23Add to your cart.
Folder 6: Notes on West American Coniferae-IV, in Erythea, v.2, no.6Add to your cart.
June 1894
Folder 7: Handbook of West-American Cone-Bearers, 1895Add to your cart.
Folder 8: Conifers of the Pacific Slope-How to distinguish them, in Sierra Club Bulletin, v.2, no.2, 1897 MayAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Notes on West American Coniferae-VIII, in Erythea, v.6, no.8, 1898 AugustAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: California's forest endowment, in Pacific Coast Wood and Iron, 1898 JuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: Conifers of the Pacific Slope-How to distinguish them no.2, in Sierra Club Bulletin, v.2, no.3, 1898Add to your cart.
Folder 12: California's forest endowment, in Placer County Leader, 1899 February 9Add to your cart.
Folder 13: Andersonville Prison, address before the Longfellow Memorial Association of Berkeley, 1899Add to your cart.
Folder 14: Forest endowment of Pacific Slope, 1900 SeptemberAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: What trees for streets, in California Municipalities, v.3 no.6, 1901 JanuaryAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: Report of expert to A. H. Arubuckle, Auburdale Tract, 1901 March 26Add to your cart.
Folder 17: Botanizing in Apache-land, 1901 October 5Add to your cart.
Folder 18: Conifers of the Pacific Slope-How to distinguish them no.3, in Sierra Club Bulletin, v.4, no.2, 1902 JuneAdd to your cart.
Folder 19: How to tell the trees, 1902Add to your cart.
Includes Some Elements of Forestry with Suggestions by Mrs. Lemmon.
Folder 20: Autobiography of J. G. Lemmon, circa 1902Add to your cart.
Handwritten manuscript.
Folder 21: Photocopies of clippings of articles by Lemmon, 1808-1902Add to your cart.
Box 23Add to your cart.
Folder 1: King's River Bulletin, in Sierra Club Bulletin, v.4 no.4, 1903Add to your cart.
Includes a plant list.
Folder 2: Patriotism in Rebel Prisons, 1903 August 18Add to your cart.
Handwritten manuscript read before the Ex-prisoner's Assembly at San Francisco. A typed transcript is available.
Folder 3: Forest endowment of Pacific Slope, in Out West, no.24, 1906Add to your cart.
Folder 4: Notes by a pioneer botanist-I, in Muhlenbergia, v.4 no.2Add to your cart.
Folder 5: Autobiography for Who's Who, undatedAdd to your cart.
Rough draft
Folder 6: Autobiography of John Gill Lemmon, pages 5 and 6, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 7: Botanizing in Apache-landAdd to your cart.
Folder 8: California pines, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 9: Capture of Jeff DavisAdd to your cart.
Folder 10: Concerning fishing excursion and the mishaps of one who didn't goAdd to your cart.
Folder 11: Coniferae articlesAdd to your cart.
Folder 12: Conspectus of Firs of North West, undatedAdd to your cart.
Rought draft
Folder 13: An ex-prisoner's recollection of Lincoln's funeral, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 14: Forestry at the Fair, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 15: From the Sierras, in Pacific Rural PressAdd to your cart.
Folder 16: Homeward Trip, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 17: Incidents of a botanical trip to the Chirricahua Mountains of ArizonaAdd to your cart.
Folder 18: Kilpatricks raid around Atlanta, undatedAdd to your cart.
Handwritten draft. Typed transcription available.
Folder 19: Lake TahoeAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Location of reference books, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 21: Notes, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: Notes on Eucalyptus, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 23: Peculiarities of the pines, especially of CaliforniaAdd to your cart.
Read before the Floral Society, Berkeley
Folder 24: Perils and pleasures of botanizing in Apache-land, undatedAdd to your cart.
Access note: Please use photocopy instead of original.
Folder 25: A prisoner's appeal, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 26: Six months' prisoner in Anderson StockadeAdd to your cart.
First page is missing.
Folder 27: Some adventures in Apache-land, undatedAdd to your cart.
Handwritten draft.
Folder 28: Some thoughts on plant life; its origin, development and distribution, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 29: Triple method theory for fernsAdd to your cart.
Folder 30: Unidentified writingsAdd to your cart.
Item 1: Forest trees of the Pacific slopeAdd to your cart.
Unpublished manuscript
Item 2: Hospital incidents, campaigns of 1864, circuit of Atlanta, capture and conveyance to Andersonville.Add to your cart.
Item 3: Recollections of rebel prisons, 1866Add to your cart.
Sub-Series 2: Writings by Sara Plummer Lemmon, 1878-1900Add to your cart.
Published and unpublished writings by Sara Plummer Lemmon. Topics include mushrooms, forestry, and the California poppy.
Box 24Add to your cart.
Folder 1: Gossip about mushrooms, 1878 FebruaryAdd to your cart.
Read before the Society of Natural History, Santa Barbara,
Folder 2: Some hints upon forestry for the California Federation of Women's Clubs, 1900Add to your cart.
Folder 3: Books and publications suggested for use in the study of Forestry, undatedAdd to your cart.
By the Forestry Committee of the California Federation of Women's Clubs. Mrs. J. G. Lemmon, Chairman.
Folder 4: The California Poppy, undatedAdd to your cart.
Sub-Series 3: Writings by others, 1870-1904Add to your cart.
Box 24Add to your cart.
Folder 5: A catalogue of the plants in the vicinity of San Francisco by Henry N.  Bolander, 1870Add to your cart.
Folder 6: List of the marine algae of the Unites States by W. G. Farlow, 1876 FebruaryAdd to your cart.
Annotated by Sara Plummer Lemmon.
Folder 7: Characters of some little-known or new genera of plants by Asa Gray, 1877 MayAdd to your cart.
Includes description of Lemmonia californica.
Folder 8: Botanical contributions by Asa Gray, 1878 April 5Add to your cart.
Folder 9: Contributions to North American Botany by Asa Gray, 1882 June 26Add to your cart.
Folder 10: The trees of Florida by A. H. Curtiss, 1884Add to your cart.
Folder 11: Botanical contributions by Asa Gray, 1885 January 26Add to your cart.
Folder 12: Fifth annual report of the State Mineralogist, 1885Add to your cart.
Folder 13: The Free Lance, 1887 March 17Add to your cart.
Folder 14: In memoriam Asa Gray, 1888Add to your cart.
Sent to Mr. and Mrs. Lemon with regards of Mrs. Gray
Folder 15: Asa Gray, 1888Add to your cart.
Folder 16: Fourth biennial report of the California State Board of Forestry, 1891-1892Add to your cart.
Annotated by John G. Lemmon.
Folder 17: Clipping: Miss C. F. Whiting dead, 1898Add to your cart.
Folder 18: George Washington Dunn, 1904Add to your cart.
Folder 19: Botanical circulars 1-3, 5 by James Galen, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 20: Exchange list of Herbarium of Eli Lilly and Company, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 21: List of plants for sale and exchange at Sandberg's Botanical Exchange Bureau, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 22: List of trees growing at Greendale, undatedAdd to your cart.
Folder 23: Sisson, Justin H., undatedAdd to your cart.

Browse by Series:

[Series 1: Correspondence, 1864-1911],
[Series 2: Diaries and field books, 1872-1906],
[Series 3: Writings, 1863-1906],
[Series 4: Personal papers, 1864-1905],
[Series 5: Photographs, 1895-1902, undated],
[All]


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