Lincoln Constance papers, 1932-1994
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Brief Description: This collection documents the professional career of Lincoln Constance, botanist, expert on the taxonomy of the Umbelliferae, professor of Botany, and administrator at the University of California, Berkeley. The collection consists of extensive correspondence with amateur and professional botanists around the world, Constance's notes and manuscripts from his research on the Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) and Hydrophyllaceae, and records and correspondence from Constance's service to the University of California Botanical Garden, the Jepson Herbarium, the California Academy of Sciences, and numerous other committees and organizations both within and outside of the University of California. His papers also document his service as Vice Chancellor of Academic Affairs between 1963 and 1965, including his time as Acting Chancellor for a brief period in 1965 and the development of the Free Speech Movement on campus. The collection also includes Constance's field notebooks and a small amount of photographs and personal papers.
Held at:
University and Jepson Herbaria Archives, University of California, Berkeley
University of California, Berkeley ,  University and Jepson Herbaria
1001 Valley Life Sciences
Berkeley, CA 94720 2465
Email: akasameyer [at]
Created by: Constance, Lincoln (1909-2001)
Volume: 44.0 Linear Feet

This collection is arranged in 9 series, one of which is further arranged in four subseries.

Series 1: Correspondence, 1933-1998

Series 2: Writings and research notes, 1932-1997

    Subseries 1: Umbelliferae (Apiaceae),

    Subseries 2: Hydrophyllaceae

    Subseries 3: Other writings

    Subseries 4: Published reprints

Series 3: Field notes, 1934-1994

Series 4: University of California papers. 1946-1997

Series 5: Washington State University papers, 1933-1937,1970-1973

Series 6: Professional organizations and committees, 1952-1997

Series 7: Conferences, 1969-1994

Series 8: Photographs, 1935-1999

Series 9: Personal papers, 1934-1994.

Biographical Note for Constance, Lincoln (1909-2001) :

Lincoln Constance (1909-2001), respected plant taxonomist, expert on the Umbelliferae, and professor of Botany and administrator at the University of California, Berkeley, was born on February 16, 1909 to Lewis and Ella Constance in Eugene, Oregon.  He received his B. S. degree in 1930 from the University of Oregon.  There he met his wife Sara (Sally) Luten, who he would marry in 1935.

He went on to graduate school in Botany at the University of California, Berkeley, earning his M.S. in 1932 after working as a seasonal naturalist at Crater Lake National Park from 1931-1932, and his Ph. D. in 1937 with Dr. Willis Linn Jepson as his major advisor, studying the genus Eriophyllum. He briefly worked at the State College of Washington, Pullman (1934-1937) before being hired by the University of California as an Assistant Professor in 1937. He worked at Berkeley for 42 years, as Professor and Curator of the Herbarium to Dean of the College of Letters and Sciences to Vice Chancellor of Academic Affairs and finally Director of the Herbarium. He retired in 1976 and continued his research in the Herbarium as Professor and Director Emeritus. He took a leave of absence in 1953-1945 to work in the Office as Strategic Services as a geobotanist and research analyst, and another leave in 1947-1948 to serve as acting director of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University.

He was one of the three original trustees of the Jepson Research Fund and involved in the establishment of the Jepson Herbarium after Willis Jepson's death in 1946. Over the course of his career he served as advisor to 29 graduate students, many of who went on to become prominent botanists. He authored over 200 publications, mostly on systematics and cytotaxonomy of the plant families Umbelliferae (Apiaceae) and Hydrophyllaceae. He was well respected in his field both professionally and personally as he did much to encourage the careers of his colleagues. For his scientific research he was awarded the Fellows' Medal from the California Academy of Sciences (1985) and the Asa Gray Award (1986). For his service to the University, he was awarded the Clark Kerr award in 1988.

He was member of the Botanical Society of American (past president), California Academy of Sciences, Biosystematists, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Linnaean Society of London, Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences.

He passed away in Berkeley at age 92 in 2001.


1904                        Born in Eugene, Oregon

1930                        B.A. from University of Oregon

1932                        M.A. in Botany from University of California

1934                        Ph.D. in Botany from University of California

1934                        Hired as Instructor in Botany, State College of Washington, Pullman

1935                        Married Sara Luten (Sally)

1936                        Promoted to Assistant Professor

1937                        Hired by the University of California as Assistant Professor

1942                        Son Bill is born

1943-1947            Associate Professor of Botany and Assistant Curator of the Herbarium

1943-1945            Leave of absence to work for the Office of Strategic Services as a geobotanist and research analyst

1947-1965            Professor of Botany and Curator of Seed Plants

1947-1948            Leave of absence to serve as visiting lecturer in Biology and acting director of the Gray Herbarium, Harvard University

1953-1954            Sabbatical to Chile with wife and son

1954-1955              Chairman, Department of Botany

1955-1962            Dean, Colleges of Letters and Sciences

1963-1965            Vice Chancellor of Academic Affairs, Acting Chancellor for a brief period in 1965

1963-1976            Director of the University Herbarium

1967-1968            Sabbatical to Patagonia and Tierra del Fuego

1976                        Retired at age 67, Professor and Director, Emeritus

1977                        Dean Emeritus

1977-1978            Acting Director, University Herbarium and Botanical Garden

1977-1980            Director, Freshman Cluster Program.

1986                        Received the Asa Gray Award. Oral history completed by the Bancroft Library

1992                        Sally Constance passes away May 30

1996                        Constance experiences heart failure

June 11, 2001            Constance passes away at age 92. A memorial is held on October 28.

Access Restrictions: Collection is open for research.
Subject Index
Constance, Lincoln, 1909-2001
Plant taxonomists
University of California, Berkeley. - Dept. of Botany
University of California, Berkeley. - Herbarium.
Genres/Forms of Material
Botanists - California - Archives
Field notes
Languages of Materials
English [eng]
Rights/Use Restrictions: Copyright has not been assigned to the University and Jepson Herbaria Archives. All requests for permission to publish or quote from manuscripts must be submitted in writing to the Archivist. Permission for publication is given on behalf of the University and Jepson Herbaria Archives as the owner of the physical items and is not intended to include or imply permission of the copyright holder, which also must be obtained by the publisher.
PreferredCitation: Lincoln Constance Papers, University and Jepson Herbaria Archives, University of California, Berkeley.